Has been awarded or has completed the requirements for a doctoral degree (e.g., Ph.D., M.D., Pharm.D., etc.) or foreign equivalent and has been awarded a Fellowship or Traineeship or equivalent support (such as appointment in postgraduate research) for studies at the postdoctoral level. Postdoctoral Fellows receive access to all AAPS member benefits (including conference/meeting discounts) and possess full voting rights according to the Association bylaws.
Professionals who have retired from full-time employment in industry, academia, government, consulting, or other research institutes. Retired members receive access to all AAPS member benefits, including the regular member discounted conference/meeting registration rates, and possess full voting rights according to the Association bylaws.